Risk assessment in the protection of persons, property and business is the primary strategic activity in the construction and operation of the security system of any successful company. Through the risk assessment process, hazards to the organization and its interests identified and considered, and in relation to the established levels of risk, adequate measures for their minimization and elimination are determined and prescribed. In accordance with the conclusions of the risk assessment, security planning performed by defining procedural, operational and tactical actions to effectively treat the identified threats to the property and business of the entity.
Demands for the installation of technical protection systems are increasing and without adequate technical solutions there is no security, but certainly ordering equipment and installing cameras does not solve anything without risk assessment, defined security policies and procedures for security officers and employees and management in the company that is the subject of protection.
In accordance with the Law on Private Security (“Official Gazette of RS”, No. 104/2013, 42/2015 and 87/2018), the obligation of companies to implement risk assessment is defined as a basic document that precedes further actions such as security planning with a plan for technical protection, design, construction, supervision, servicing, and maintenance of technical protection equipment.
Video surveillance and legal security – What does this mean in practice?
This means that the use of technical protection systems (video surveillance, burglar alarm, access control systems, biometrics, GPS vehicle tracking systems, etch) is not allowed or legal unless they are foreseen by risk assessment and detailed in the security plan. Physical and technical protection systems implemented and engaged without prior risk assessment cannot have their functional application because they are not in accordance with the law and pose a risk to the user because they abused for unauthorized recording, profiling and data collection of employees, clients, visitors and third parties.
Risk assessment act in the protection of persons, property, and business
The act of risk assessment in the protection of persons, property, and business according to the standard SRPS A.L2.003 (Security and resilience of society – Risk assessment) deals with several groups of risks in the organization, namely: